Journal articles

  • Unconditional government cash transfers in support of orphaned & vulnerable adolescents

    Shangani, S., Operario, D., Genberg, B., Kirwa, K., Midoun, M., Atwoli, L., et al. (2017) PLoS ONE 12(5): e0178076 Abstract: Orphaned and vulnerable adolescents (OVA) in sub-Saharan Africa are at greater risk for adverse psychological outcomes compared with their non-OVA...

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  • Sexual Behavior Among Orphaned Adolescents in Western Kenya

    Embleton, L., Nyandat, J., Ayuku, D., Sang, E., Kamanda, A., Ayaya, S., … & Galarraga, O. (2017). Sexual Behavior Among Orphaned Adolescents in Western Kenya: A Comparison of Institutional-and Family-Based Care Settings. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(4), 417-424. .015 Abstract:...

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  • ‘Pregnancy Has Its Advantages’

    Wachira, J., Kamanda, A., Embleton, L., Naanyu, V., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2016). ‘Pregnancy Has Its Advantages’: The Voices of Street Connected Children and Youth in Eldoret, Kenya. PloS one, 11(3), e0150814. Abstract: Little is known about the reproductive health or...

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  • Causes of Child and Youth Homelessness

    Embleton, L., Lee, H., Gunn, J., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2016). Causes of Child and Youth Homelessness in Developed and Developing Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA pediatrics, 170(5), 435-444. Abstract:  A systematic compilation of children and youth’s reported...

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  • Implementing TB screening in street youth

    Szkwarko, D., Mercer, T., Kimani, S., Braitstein, P., Buziba, N., & Carter, E. J. (2016). Implementing intensified tuberculosis case-finding among street-connected youth and young adults in Kenya. Public Health Action, 6(2), 142-146. Abstract: Street-connected youth and young adults (SCY) suffer a myriad...

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  • Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections including HIV in street-connected adolescents in western Kenya

    Winston, S. E., Chirchir, A. K., Muthoni, L. N., Ayuku, D., Koech, J., Nyandiko, W., … & Braitstein, P. (2015). Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections including HIV in street-connected adolescents in western Kenya. Sexually transmitted infections, 91(5), 353-359. ABSTRACT: The objectives...

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  • Initiation to street life

    Wachira, J., Kamanda, A., Embleton, L., Naanyu, V., Winston, S., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2015). Initiation to street life: a qualitative examination of the physical, social, and psychological practices in becoming an accepted member of the street youth...

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  • Eating sweets without the wrapper

    Embleton, L., Wachira, J., Kamanda, A., Naanyu, V., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2016). Eating sweets without the wrapper: perceptions of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among street youth in western Kenya. Culture, health & sexuality, 18(3), 337-348. ABSTRACT: Street-connected youth in...

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  • “Once you join the streets you will have to do it”

    Embleton, L., Wachira, J., Kamanda, A., Naanyu, V., Winston, S., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2015). “Once you join the streets you will have to do it”: sexual practices of street children and youth in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. Reproductive...

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  • Adapting ethical guidelines for adolescent health research to street-connected children and youth in low- and middle income countries

    Embleton, L., Ott, M. A., Wachira, J., Naanyu, V., Kamanda, A., Makori, D., … & Braitstein, P. (2015). Adapting ethical guidelines for adolescent health research to street-connected children and youth in low-and middle-income countries: a case study from western...

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  • Institutional Care of Children in Low- and Middle-Income Settings

    Braitstein P, (2015) Institutional Care of Children in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom
 of Oliver Twist. Global Health: Science and Practice Abstract: Whether institutions or extended families are better suited to care for orphans depends on...

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  • Social and Economic Characteristics of Street Youth in Eldoret, Kenya

    Sorber, R., Winston, S., Koech, J., Ayuku, D., Hu, L., Hogan, J., & Braitstein, P. (2014). Social and economic characteristics of street youth by gender and level of street involvement in Eldoret, Kenya. PLoS One, 9(5), e97587. Abstract: Street-connected youth are...

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  • Physical and sexual abuse in orphaned compared to non-orphaned children in sub-Saharan Africa

    Nichols, J., Embleton, L., Mwangi, A., Morantz, G., Vreeman, R., Ayaya, S., … & Braitstein, P. (2014). Physical and sexual abuse in orphaned compared to non-orphaned children in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Child abuse & neglect, 38(2), 304-316....

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  • Models of care for orphaned and separated children and upholding children’s rights

    Embleton, L., Ayuku, D., Kamanda, A., Atwoli, L., Ayaya, S., Vreeman, R., … & Braitstein, P. (2014). Models of care for orphaned and separated children and upholding children’s rights: cross-sectional evidence from western Kenya. BMC international health and human rights, 14(1),...

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  • The government of Kenya cash transfer for orphaned and vulnerable children

    Ayuku, D., Embleton, L., Koech, J., Atwoli, L., Hu, L., Ayaya, S., … & Braitstein, P. (2014). The government of Kenya cash transfer for orphaned and vulnerable children: cross-sectional comparison of household and individual characteristics of those with and...

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  • Impact of Care Environment on Trauma and PTSD PLOS ONE

    Atwoli, L., Ayuku, D., Hogan, J., Koech, J., Vreeman, R. C., Ayaya, S., & Braitstein, P. (2014). Impact of domestic care environment on trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder among orphans in western Kenya. PLoS One, 9(3), e89937. Abstract: The aim of...

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  • Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies

    Morantz, G., Cole, D., Vreeman, R., Ayaya, S., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2013). Child abuse and neglect among orphaned children and youth living in extended families in sub-Saharan Africa: What have we learned from qualitative inquiry?. Vulnerable children and...

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  • Maltreatment experiences and associated factors prior to admission to residential care

    Morantz, G., Cole, D. C., Ayaya, S., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2013). Maltreatment experiences and associated factors prior to admission to residential care: A sample of institutionalized children and youth in western Kenya. Child abuse & neglect, 37(10), 778-787. Study Objectives:...

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  • Harnessing the power of the grassroots to conduct public health research in sub-Saharan Africa

    Kamanda, A., Embleton, L., Ayuku, D., Atwoli, L., Gisore, P., Ayaya, S., … & Braitstein, P. (2013). Harnessing the power of the grassroots to conduct public health research in sub-Saharan Africa: a case study from western Kenya in the...

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  • Drug Use Cessation among Street Children and Youth

    Embleton, L., Atwoli, L., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2013). The journey of addiction: barriers to and facilitators of drug use cessation among street children and youths in Western Kenya. PloS one, 8(1), e53435. Abstract: This mixed-methods study examined barriers to...

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  • Lost indeed, but not in translation

    Embleton, L., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2013). Lost indeed, but not in translation. Addiction, 108(10), 1735-1736. Monteiro provides a passionate and compelling commentary on our systematic review and meta-analysis of substance use among street-involved children in resource-constrained settings ....

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  • Street children and substance use: a review

    Embleton, L., Mwangi, A., Vreeman, R., Ayuku, D., & Braitstein, P. (2013). The epidemiology of substance use among street children in resource‐constrained settings: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Addiction, 108(10), 1722-1733. ABSTRACT: To compile and analyze critically the literature published on street...

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  • Malnutrition among Orphans

    Braitstein, P., Ayaya, S., Nyandiko, W. M., Kamanda, A., Koech, J., Gisore, P., . . . Ayuku, D. O. (2013). Nutritional status of orphaned and separated children and adolescents living in community and institutional environments in uasin gishu county,...

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  • Consent Involving Vulnerable Children

    Vreeman, R., Kamaara, E., Kamanda, A., Ayuku, D., Nyandiko, W., Atwoli, L., … & Braitstein, P. (2012). Community perspectives on research consent involving vulnerable children in Western Kenya. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 7(4), 44-55. ABSTRACT: Involving vulnerable...

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  • Investigating community perspectives on informed consent and research participation in western Kenya

    Vreeman, R., Kamaara, E., Kamanda, A., Ayuku, D., Nyandiko, W., Atwoli, L., … & Braitstein, P. (2012). A qualitative study using traditional community assemblies to investigate community perspectives on informed consent and research participation in western Kenya. BMC medical ethics, 13(1),...

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  • Vulnerabilities of Orphaned Children

    Thompson, R. T., Meslin, E. M., Braitstein, P. K., Nyandiko, W. M., Ayaya, S. O., & Vreeman, R. C. (2012). The vulnerabilities of orphaned children participating in research: A critical review and factors for consideration for participation in biomedical...

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  • Street children and substance use in Eldoret Kenya

    Embleton, L., Ayuku, D., Atwoli, L., Vreeman, R., & Braitstein, P. (2012). Knowledge, attitudes, and substance use practices among street children in Western Kenya. Substance use & misuse, 47(11), 1234-1247. Abstract: The study describes the knowledge of and attitudes toward substance...

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